Tips for planning A vegetable garden for 2021

These recommendations will come in handy for a novice gardener to make growing crops easier, more enjoyable and more productive.

When planning a vegetable garden, you need to consider a lot, from what and where to grow.

1. Sun and shadow

Knowing the sunniest and most shaded areas on the site is an important factor in choosing to plant heat-loving crops such as tomatoes or peppers.

What cultures like shade and sun?

Tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, peas, beans, corn, and zucchini all benefit from being grown in full sun.

Carrots, radishes, beets, and other root vegetables require at least half a day in the sun.

Leafy greens such as spinach, Swiss chard and many types of lettuce, as well as kale, tolerate shade and partial shade well.

Full sun means 6 to 8 hours of direct light without interference every day.

From the beginning to the end of the season, note where sunlight falls at different times of the day and how this changes throughout the year.

Remember that the shadows cast by deciduous trees in summer will disappear after the leaves fall, which means that there will be a suitable area for the latest greenery, for example, Asian varieties of cold-resistant lettuce and cabbage, for which even a small amount of sunlight will only be a plus.

Consider the position of the midday sun and plan your beds so that taller plants don’t shade shorter ones.

2. Make a comfortable desktop area

Garden design

Choose the most suitable, from your point of view, place in order to lay out the tools at hand, bags of seeds and put pots with seedlings, bags of fertilizer.

To prepare the working area, you will need a bench, an old table, and a tool box. Better to keep it all under cover from the sun, wind and rain, and also be beautifully decorated. When using wood materials to build a bench or table, make sure the surfaces are splinter-free, sanded smoothly and treated with an anti-rotting stain.

Pallet furniture is surprisingly easy and cheap to assemble, by constructing a mini-complex of your choice. The presence of flooring from the same pallets will allow you to keep clean and tidy. This simplified guide will make it easier for you.

It makes sense to plant aromatic herbs near the bench, which have mosquito repellant properties. So, catnip is recognized as one of the most effective remedies for bloodsuckers. Scientists have found that catnip extract is 10 times more effective than DEET (diethyltoluamide), an ingredient commonly found in insect repellents.

Peppermint works too. If mosquitoes or horseflies bite, apply a freshly mashed leaf to your skin to reduce burning and swelling. And mint leaves will serve as a wonderful tea flavor.

The only thing is that any mint in the garden and vegetable garden (if you do not plan to use it as a cover plant) is best grown in containers due to its aggressive spread.

Another good anti-mosquito plant is marigolds, a vibrant and hardy annual containing pyrethrum, which repels insects.

Several lanterns installed in the “garden office” will allow you to leisurely engage in evening activities, enjoying the summer twilight.

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