By George Davies, George Davies Turf
As turf experts, we’ve pulled together everything you need to know when it comes to laying turf.
WHEN IS THE BEST TIME TO LAY NEW TURF?
As long as your soil is not frozen solid or heavily waterlogged, you can lay turf any time of year. The important part when laying new grass is ensuring the soil beneath has been prepared correctly to give the grass roots their best chance to quickly anchor in.
CHOOSING THE RIGHT TURF
The right type of turf will depend on the conditions of your soil, the purpose of your landscaping project and how much time you have to care for your new lawn. At George Davies Turf, we have a range of turf for you to find the best one. Alternatively, read our blog on the different types of turf or contact our team who’ll talk you through the options.
PLANNING YOUR LANDSCAPING PROJECT
Whether it’s a small domestic garden or a professional football pitch, you need you know the specifications of your project before you can start.
Is grass already there? – If yes, you’ll need to strip this away and prepare the area before laying new turf.
Your soil type – the type of soil will influence the turf you choose. Our team can help you find the right match.
Completion date – turf is usually the last piece of a landscaping project. Your end date will determine when to book your turf delivery.
Your turf delivery date – once confirmed, make sure you have everything you need and keep an eye on the weather conditions.
WHAT EQUIPMENT DO I NEED TO LAY TURF?
Before you lay your first roll of turf, make sure you have the right turfing equipment for a smooth process. The tools you’ll need include:
- Garden fork or rotavator
- Garden rake
- Laying boards
- Garden knife
- Garden spade
- Hose or sprinkler
- Sensible clothing including flat-soled shoes
START STRIPPING THE AREA
When you’re replacing an existing lawn, use a turf cutter or shovel to remove the top layer, revealing the soil underneath. If you’re replacing a drive or patio with grass, you’ll also need to remove the top layer, cement and sub-base until you expose soil.
If the area has already been stripped but there’s a weed invasion, use a weedkiller and neutralise the area before applying fresh topsoil or turf. You can lay turf over an existing lawn but it’s not best practice as the roots of the new turf will struggle to penetrate the old lawn.
PREPARE YOUR SOIL
You want to loosen the soil (about 150mm deep) to give your new turf roots a chance to successfully embed. Use a rotavator or garden fork to turn over the area. The soil should also be free of stones larger than 10mm. Rake the area flat and if you need to increase the height of your new lawn, add a layer of topsoil. Again, rake it flat and gently compact down by using a compaction plate or doing the “Gardeners’ Walk”, where you shuffle your feet along the surface – get the whole family involved with this!
Top turf tip – Avoid using weed fabric or membrane under your lawn. This is a suggested solution to stop weeds but in reality, it stops the new turf from putting its roots down into the soil.
TIME TO LAY YOUR TURF
Like you would with a puzzle, start with the edges of your lawn to form a border. This’ll help stop the size of your lawn from shrinking and moving over time as these tend to be whole pieces of turf.
Next, pick the centre focal point of the lawn from its main viewpoint (i.e., patio doors or steps), and lay a line of turf away from this centre point. Once you reach the other edge, turn around and lay the next row as “return”, in the opposite direction. Aim to stagger the pieces, like a brick wall, to avoid any gaps. Repeat until the area is full to achieve the perfect striped lawn.
Top turf tips:
Make sure you lay at least a quarter of a turf roll. If a piece is going to be smaller, cut it into two so each piece is larger than a quarter. This will help prevent shrinkage.
Place laying boards on the row of turf you’ve just laid; they’ll protect it from leaving footprints or creating hollows. It also helps to gently press the turf down into the soil.
DON’T FORGET TO WATER
New turf needs watering every day between Feb-Nov, by natural rainfall, sprinkler or hose. The time of year you’re laying turf and the weather conditions will influence how much water your turf requires. A good rule of thumb is each roll of turf needs 3-5 minutes of watering per day – ideally split between the morning and evening.
Questions to ask yourself before watering your lawn:
- If you can still lift the turf, is the soil underneath damp? If yes, then it’s ok. If not, add more water.
- Are there visible lines between the turf, wider than your finger? If yes, your turf has shrunk and needs a drink.
- Is your turf browning around the edges? If yes, then more water is required.
For more advice call us on 01234 818905 or email firstname.lastname@example.org